Bones are living tissues which undergo continuous change. New cells are formed and old ones are broken down every second. When we are young the process of bone formation is faster than destruction which leads to increase in Bone mass. Most of us reaches the peak Bone mass around the age of 30 after which the bone mass reduces faster than we gain.
Health and density of bone is assessed with the T score of BMD test. Normal value ranges above -1, lesser values indicate weakness of bones.
Osteopenia: The bone density is lower than normal but not as severe to be classified as Osteoporosis. The risk of breaking a bone is high; the T score of BMD Test lies between -1 and -2.5.
Osteoporosis: The Bone density is very less, risk for fractures are very high. Bones become porous and weak. The T-score of Bone mineral density is less than -2.5.
Factors that affect Bone health?
Many factors around us can impact the bone health, out of which most can be controlled. An extra care can keep our bones healthy
Physical Activity: Similar to muscles bones also become stronger and stay stronger with exercise. Lack of exercise can result in loss of bone density leading to osteoporosis
Diet: Calcium and Vitamin D are essential for healthy bones. Vitamin D helps the body to utilize the Calcium in our diet.
Body weight: It is essential to keep optimum weight as low body weight may lead to weaker bones.
Smoking and alcohol intake: They increases the risk of osteoporosis as they interfere the body’s ability to absorb calcium and Vit.D
Medication: Certain medication can cause bone loss. Long term use of medicines like glucocorticoids for arthritis, treatment for seizure or cancer can cause weak bones.
There are some factors that leads to osteoporosis but cannot be controlled.
Age: Risk of weak bones increases after 50 years, regular screening for bone low density can prevent fractures.
Gender: Females have weaker skeletal structure when compared to males. Bone loss is faster in females due to the hormonal changes after Menopause.
Family History and Ethnicity: Risk is higher for white people and Asian descents and it increases if our parents or sibling has osteoporosis.
Bone Health and Ayurveda
Ayurveda considers bone as one of the 7 dhatus in our body. These are component by which body is made and illness of one can affect all others. In simple words, healthy bones can be found in a healthy body with proper body functions especially digestion.
Ayurveda also advocates mental wellness for bone health. Mental conditions like fear, stress, irritation or sleeplessness will vitiate Vata dosha to cause weak bones along with other issues.
Management of Osteopenia/ Osteoporosis
Management of Bone ailments need combined approach of Diet, exercise and medicine. All the aggravating factors should be taken care along with medicines and diet. Sunlight is essential for producing Vitamin D in our body, which helps in calcium absorption.
Ayurveda emphasizes on having a calcium rich diet along with improving its metabolism. Less than 20% of the ingested calcium is absorbed by a normal individual above 21 years of age. Hence intake of more calcium may not be the solution if it cannot be properly absorbed and metabolized.
Contact our doctors –Ayurvedic management of Osteoporosis/Osteoporosis.
Herbs to Manage Osteopenia/Osteoporosis
Ayurvedic texts enlist variety of herbs and formulations to improve bone heath. Physicians choose the best for the condition of their patients. Few herbs are mentioned here which helps in bone growth
Cissus quadrangularis: The herb is known as Asthishamharaka in Sanskrit for its ability to unite bones. The herb will help in formation of new bone cells to increase the bone density.
Terminalia arjuna: Helps bone to retain calcium hence keeps it strong and healthy
Withania somnifera: Improves growth of body tissues. According to Ayurveda the herb is known for promoting growth (Brimhana) and cure Vata disorder in bone tissues.
Our doctors have developed special formulation to healthy bone by improving the calcium metabolism. The formulation improves absorption of calcium from our diet, stores in the bones and prevents demineralization of bones. Thus provides superior benefits to